If possible, provide transcripts of audio information.
Allow several moments extra for oral responses in class discussions. In small group discussions, allow for participation by students with hearing impairments. Face the class while speaking; if an interpreter is present, make sure the student can see both you and the interpreter.
If there is a break in the class, get the attention of the student who is deaf or hard of hearing before resuming class.
Hearing Impairment and Deafness
People who are deaf or hard of hearing often use vision as a primary means of receiving information. Captioned videos, overheads, diagrams, and other visual aids are useful instructional tools for students with hearing impairments.
Be flexible: allow a student who is deaf to work with audiovisual material independently and for a longer period of time. Assist the student with finding an effective notetaker from the class. Provide hand-outs preferably electronically in advance of lectures and seminars. Ensure key notices e. Work with the student on strategies to help them participate fully and find out if they wish any other adjustments. Circular seating arrangements offer students who are deaf or hard of hearing the best advantage for seeing all class participants.
Impact of Hearing Loss
When desks are arranged in rows, keep front seats open for students who are deaf or hard of hearing and their interpreters. Make field trip arrangements early and ensure that accommodations will be in place on the given day e. Provide plenty of warning so a personal assistant or adaptive equipment can be arranged as appropriate for laboratory work and field trips. A health and safety assessment for the student may be necessary in certain situations, and should be carried out beforehand.
Individual induction to laboratory or computer equipment may be helpful Writing Assignments and Examinations Provide assistance with proofreading written work. Stress organization and ideas rather than mechanics when grading in-class writing assignments. Encourage the use of spell-check and grammar-assistive devices when appropriate to the course.
General Ideas Break information into small steps while instructing on new tasks. For students needing other academic assistance, remind them of campus services such as the Writing Center , and the Academic Support Center.
the hearing impaired child practical integration in education Manual
Providing review or study sheets for exams is helpful. Allow time for clarification of directions and essential information. Make instructional materials available in text form on FerrisConnect. When in doubt about how to assist the student, ask him or her as privately as possible without drawing attention to the student or the disability.
Tips for teaching a preschooler with hearing loss
Face the class while speaking. Be sure that the student and the interpreter if present can see you while you lecture. Avoiding lecturing or giving our procedural information while handing out papers. Losing eye contact with the student may also mean the loss of information for the student. Repeat the comments and questions made by other students during class discussion. Acknowledge those who are speaking also so the student who is deaf or hard of hearing can focus their attention on them. Using visual aids and materials during your instruction is beneficial for those with a hearing loss, as vision is their primary means of receiving information.
While the student maintains eye contact with the interpreter, it is important to remember to maintain eye contact with the student also. Strategies Specific for the Sign Interpreter: The student needs an unobstructed view of the sign language interpreter and the instructor. Speak directly to the student and the sign language interpreter will interpret your words directly. However, the interpreter is available to voice the student's signed comments.
Pauses between topics or main ideas during your lecture will facilitate the accuracy of the interpretation and thus be better understood by the student. Interpreting is a highly taxing, both mentally and physically. Sign language Interpreters who use "teaming" share the interpretation responsibilities by taking turns signing. When one interpreter is not signing, they should still be perceived as working as an integral part of the communication process for the student. Strategies Specific for the Captionist: In order for the student to have continuous access to the computer screen or to the person speaking and the Captionist, remember to walk around them.
It is in the Captionist's statement of ethics that they will not give away or sell the notes taken in class. The Captionist needs to be seated at a small table near the front with access to an electrical outlet. Arrangements will have been made by the Disabilities Services staff to have this furniture in your classroom. To be informed of any films, videos, or overheads to be shown in order to allow time for lighting and positioning to be arranged.
To be informed as to whether the audiovisuals will be captioned, closed captioned, labeled, titled or scripted.
Instructors should relax and talk normally, noting that there may be lag time between the spoken message and the interpretation. When referring to objects or written information, allow time for the translation to take place. Replace terms such as "here" and "there" with more specific terms, such as "on the second line" and "in the left corner. Skip to Main Content.
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